Research Article

# A Strong Limit Theorem for Weighted Sums of Sequences of Negatively Dependent Random Variables

Qunying Wu

Author Affiliations

College of Science, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China

Journal of Inequalities and Applications 2010, 2010:383805 doi:10.1155/2010/383805

 Received: 11 March 2010 Revisions received: 21 June 2010 Accepted: 3 August 2010 Published: 17 August 2010

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Applying the moment inequality of negatively dependent random variables which was obtained by Asadian et al. (2006), the strong limit theorem for weighted sums of sequences of negatively dependent random variables is discussed. As a result, the strong limit theorem for negatively dependent sequences of random variables is extended. Our results extend and improve the corresponding results of Bai and Cheng (2000) from the i.i.d. case to ND sequences.

### 1. Introduction and Lemmas

Definition 1.1.

Random variables and are said to be negatively dependent (ND) if

(11)

for all . A collection of random variables is said to be pairwise negatively dependent (PND) if every pair of random variables in the collection satisfies (1.1).

It is important to note that (1.1) implies

(12)

for all . Moreover, it follows that (1.2) implies (1.1), and hence, (1.1) and (1.2) are equivalent. However, (1.1) and (1.2) are not equivalent for a collection of 3 or more random variables. Consequently, the following definition is needed to define sequences of negatively dependent random variables.

Definition 1.2.

The random variables are said to be negatively dependent (ND) if for all real ,

(13)

An infinite sequence of random variables is said to be ND if every finite subset is ND.

Definition 1.3.

Random variables are said to be negatively associated (NA) if for every pair of disjoint subsets and of ,

(14)

where and are increasing for every variable (or decreasing for every variable), such that this covariance exists. An infinite sequence of random variables is said to be NA if every finite subfamily is NA.

The definition of PND is given by Lehmann [1], the concept of ND is given by Bozorgnia et al. [2], and the definition of NA is introduced by Joag-Dev and Proschan [3]. These concepts of dependent random variables have been very useful in reliability theory and applications.

Obviously, NA implies ND from the definition of NA and ND. But ND does not imply NA, so ND is much weaker than NA. Because of the wide applications of ND random variables, the notions of ND dependence of random variables have received more and more attention recently. A series of useful results have been established (cf: [2, 410]). Hence, extending the limit properties of independent or NA random variables to the case of ND variables is highly desirable and of considerably significance in the theory and application.

Strong convergence is one of the most important problems in probability theory. Some recent results can be found in Wu and Jiang [11], Chen and Gan [12], and Bai and Cheng [13]. Bai and Cheng [13] gave the following Theorem.

Theorem 1.4.

Suppose that and Let be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables satisfying , and let be an array of real constants such that

(15)

If , then

(16)

In this paper, we study the strong convergence for negatively dependent random variables. Our results generalize and improve the above Theorem.

In the following, let denote that there exists a constant such that for sufficiently large . The symbol stands for a generic positive constant which may differ from one place to another. And .

Lemma 1.5 (see [2]).

Let be ND random variables and let be a sequence of Borel functions all of which are monotone increasing or all are monotone decreasing, then is still a sequence of ND r.v.s.

Lemma 1.6 (see [14]).

Let be an ND sequence with and , , then

(17)

where depends only on .

The following lemma is known, see, for example, Wu, 2006 [15].

Lemma 1.7.

Let be an arbitrary sequence of random variables. If there exist an r.v. and a constant such that for and , then for any , , and ,

(18)

### 2. Main Results and Proof

Theorem 2.1.

Suppose that , and . Let be a sequence of ND random variables, there exist an r.v. and a constant satisfying

(21)

If , further assume that . Let be an array of real numbers such that

(22)

then

(23)

Corollary 2.2.

Suppose that , and . Let be a sequence of ND identically distributed random variables with . If , further assume that . Let be an array of real numbers such that (2.2) holds, then (2.3) holds.

Taking in Corollary 2.2, then (2.2) is always valid for any . Hence, for any , letting , we can obtain the following corollary.

Corollary 2.3.

Let be a sequence of ND identically distributed random variables with . If , further assume that , then for any ,

(24)

Remark 2.4.

Theorem 2.1 improves and extends Theorem 1.4 of Bai and Cheng [13] for i.i.d. case to ND random variables, removes the identically distributed condition, and expands the ranges and , respectively.

Proof of Theorem 2.1.

For any , by (2.2), the Hölder inequality and the inequality, we have

(25)

For any , let

(26)

Then

(27)

By (2.1),

(28)

Hence, by the Borel-Cantelli lemma, we can get It follows that from (2.2)

(29)

If , by (2.1), (2.5), the Markov inequality, and Lemma 1.7, we have

(210)

If , once again, using (2.1), (2.5), , the Markov inequality, and Lemma 1.7, we get

(211)

Combining with (2.10), we get

(212)

Obviously, are monotonic on . By Lemma 1.5, is also a sequence of ND random variables. Choose such that , by the Markov inequality and Lemma 1.6, we have

(213)

By the inequality, (2.1), (2.5), and Lemma 1.7, we have

(214)

Next, we prove that . By (2.5),

(215)

And by the Markov inequality,

(216)

By the inequality, the Markov inequality, and Lemma 1.7, combining with (2.15), we get

(217)

where . Hence, we can obtain the following:

(218)

from . By (2.13), (2.14), (2.15), and the Borel-Cantelli lemma,

(219)

Together with (2.7), (2.9), (2.12), and (2.3) holds.

### Acknowledgments

The authors are very grateful to the referees and the editors for their valuable comments and some helpful suggestions that improved the clarity and readability of the paper. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11061012), the Support Program of the New Century Guangxi China Ten-hundred-thousand Talents Project (2005214), and the Guangxi China Science Foundation (2010GXNSFA013120).

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